Psoriasis refers to an autoimmune skin condition that forms thick and scaly plaques on the skin. There is no specific cure for this skin disease but there have been some treatments that help to reduce the effect and frequency of psoriasis flares. Psoriasis is caused when our immune system suddenly increases the production of skin cells inside the body.
A typical skin cell grows and falls within 1 month. However, if a person is suffering from psoriasis, the skin cell grows in just 3-4 days and then piles up on the skin in the form of plaques instead of falling off.
For psoriasis treatment in Sirsa, Haryana, your healthcare provider will closely examine your skin, scalp, and nails. Other things that your doctor may ask you are:
- Itchy skin symptoms faced recently
- Nail infection problems, such as yellowish or thickened nails or pain in nails.
- Joint pain problems, joint swelling, joint stiffness
- Blood relations who suffer from psoriasis
- Recent illnesses or diseases in your life
Sometimes, a healthcare provider may also remove some part of the skin to have a look at it under the microscope and confirm if you have psoriasis.
There are various types of psoriasis. The severity and symptom locations depend on the person who is suffering from it.
Plaque psoriasis is a commonly seen form of psoriasis. It appears as raised and inflamed skin lesions depending on the skin tone of a person.
- On lighter skin tones: red or pink lesions with silver and white scales
- On medium-coloured skin tones: coral-coloured skin plaques with silver and white scales
- On dark-coloured skin tones: dark brown and purple plaques with grey skin scales
Plaque psoriasis lesions are commonly seen in the buttocks, scalp, trunk, and extremities.
Inverse psoriasis is a type of psoriasis that develops in skin folds. Given below are the areas that are affected by inverse psoriasis.
- the area under the breasts
- other skin folds like those around the buttocks and genitals
The lesions produced by inverse psoriasis are without scales as compared to those produced by plaque psoriasis. The lesions are usually smooth and shiny.
Irritation caused by sweating and rubbing the skin can make the condition worse. It is more commonly seen in people who have more weight and deep skin folds.
Erythrodermic psoriasis is a rarely-seen type of psoriasis. In this type of psoriasis, a person can suffer from large parts of inflammation that can cause itching, pain, and skin shedding. Erythrodermic psoriasis can also disturb the chemical balance of the body. It can also lead to other medical conditions like:
- heart failure
Guttate psoriasis appears more commonly in adolescents and children as compared to adults. This type of psoriasis causes individual and small spots on the skin. These spots are not thick and crusty as compared to lesions in plaque psoriasis.
Given below is the range of conditions that can trigger guttate psoriasis:
- streptococcal infections
- Frequent stress
- upper respiratory infections
- skin injuries
There are chances that guttate psoriasis gets resolved without any treatment and it never returns. In some cases, it is also possible that this psoriasis reappears as small patches of plaque psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis is an uncommon form of psoriasis. It appears on the skin as white pustules or blisters of pus. This area is surrounded by inflamed skin. Psoriasis also affects some specific parts of the body like feet and hands. It is not contagious.
A healthcare provider will diagnose psoriasis by closely analysing a person's symptoms and knowing the family history. In some cases, a doctor may also perform a skin biopsy to know the exact condition and causes.
Given below are some assessment methods for psoriasis treatment in Sirsa, Haryana, that healthcare providers use to know the severity of psoriasis:
- A body surface area technique is used to analyse the rate at which psoriasis is affecting a person’s body.
- The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score is also used to know the skin hardening, discoloration, scaling, and severity of psoriasis at a given point in time.
- A Dermatology Life Quality Index is used to assess the impact of psoriasis symptoms on the quality of life.
As discussed above, psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that affects our immune system. Our immune system produces healthy T cells to protect our body from infectious outsider agents.
In a person who is suffering from psoriasis, the immune system targets the healthy cells of the body. T cells respond to a trigger and cause inflammation in the body. This autoimmune condition leads to the excessive growth of cells in the skin which further leads to the building and formation of plaques.
Common triggers of psoriasis are:
- Skin injuries
- Bug bites
- Cold and dry weather
- Hormone changes
Some strategies that can help a person reduce the risk of developing psoriasis are:
- Recognise the food triggers and avoid them
- Daily efforts to maintain a healthy weight
- Moisturising the skin daily.
- Travel to a warm place during the winters
- Reduce stress and practice yoga, meditation, and exercise.
- Avoiding smoking
- Using home remedies to reduce itching
What type of diet should a person take to reduce psoriasis triggers?
People who suffer from psoriasis can also benefit by eating a healthy and balanced diet. So things that psoriasis should keep in mind are:
- Limit the intake of alcohol
- Include lean protein sources in the diet
- Eating fish that has abundant of omega 3 fatty acids
- Reduce the intake of gluten
- Avoid the intake of pro-inflammatory foods.
- Intake of an anti-inflammatory diet can also help a person to reduce the
- symptoms of psoriasis and other complications.
No, psoriasis is not at all contagious. We need to understand that people who suffer from psoriasis can experience socialising issues and depression because of their skin disease. People around the one suffering from psoriasis should know that it's not contagious and spend time with the patient. This will help the patient feel included in the society and he/she will not feel alone.
Book your appointment today and get the best psoriasis treatment in Sirsa, Haryana.