Laser for pigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is a common condition that creates patches or spots darker in colour than the rest of the skin. This happens due to excess production of melanin in the area. Melanin is a pigment that provides dark colour to the skin. Sunlight, acne scars, and rashes could cause extra melanin production in the skin layers, and as a result, they create dark pigmentation spots.
Hyperpigmentation can be small patches or appear as large areas covering an entire hand. Even though it is mostly harmless, it creates uneven skin tone and makes a person seem less attractive.
Let’s look at the types of hyperpigmentation.
Various skin pigmentation treatments can correct all these types of dark spots.
- Melasma: Melasma is a kind of pigmentation spot that develops during pregnancy and is thought to be caused by hormonal changes. Hyperpigmentation can affect any part of the body. However, it primarily affects the stomach and face.
- Sunspots or Liver Spots: Sunspots, also known as liver spots, are very common. They usually look like dark patches on exposed skin areas such as the hands and face. They are caused by long-term overexposure to the sun.
- Post-inflammatory Spots: This type refers to dark spots caused by a previous skin injury or inflammation. After any surgery or wound is healed, dark spots can appear on that specific area. Acne is also a common cause responsible for dark pigmented spots in acne scars.
- Freckles: Freckles are tiny brown spots that can appear anywhere on the body but mostly on the face, arms, and back. Race and hereditary are primary reasons for freckles.
Sun damage is the leading cause of skin pigmentation. There are also several other factors responsible for hyperpigmentation.
- Excessive sunlight
- Aged spots
- Acne scars
- Pregnancy hormones
- Birth control pills
- Chemotherapy medicine
- Laser therapy
- Addison’s disease
Sunscreen is still the primary weapon to avoid excessive sun exposure. Otherwise, no matter how effective the below pigmentation treatments are, they are rendered ineffective unless you protect your skin from the hyperpigmentation effects of the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
- Anti-Pigmentation Creams
Also called lightening creams, they can lower the melanin levels in the skin. They can significantly enhance the appearance of dark spots. Another impressive thing is that they can treat melasma. Still, these creams can cause skin irritation when exposed to direct sunlight. So, make sure to discuss the instructions for using this cream with your dermatologist.
Anti-pigmentation creams are a lot more affordable than lasers. But they cannot improve extreme pigmentation, unlike other advanced treatments such as laser surfacing and intense pulse light.
- Chemical Peels
Chemical peels can remove the damaged outer layer that contains dark pigmented spots and heal your skin cells resulting in much healthier skin. The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the intensity of the chemical peel used. The specific chemical solution will decide the peel’s severity from mild to medium to deep. Alpha hydroxy acids such as fruit or glycolic acids are considered low intensive chemicals. Still, you need to go through several repeated sessions to see significant results due to their low intensity. And high-intensity peels tend to be risky, with more chance of experiencing side effects like swelling, redness and irritation. It is mandatory to avoid sunlight after a chemical peel.
- Laser Skin Resurfacing
Laser treatment for pigmentation effectively corrects hyperpigmentation, mostly dark spots caused by acne. The concept is emitting short pulses of laser heat energy into deep skin layers and healing the pigmentation particles internally by growing new skin cells.
Dermatologists often say laser resurfacing is the most effective treatment for pigmentation on face. The results from laser treatment are visible in a week or two but last longer than other cosmetic procedures. You must undergo multiple sessions for the best results. Burns, infections, and cold sores are possible side effects since lasers strongly impact the skin.
Our skin becomes slow and inactive as we age. Mesotherapy stimulates collagen production, which begins the healing activity making your cells regrow again. The pigmented spots are repaired, giving the skin a youthful and spotless look. Mesotherapy is effective for wrinkle reduction, pigmentation issues, and reversing the effects of sun damage. Allergies, infections, and bruising are common side effects.
Consult with certified dermatologists at The New You skin clinic to identify the cause of your hyperpigmentation and provide you with a personalized skin treatment plan. The New You in Hyderabad offers advanced cosmetic procedures for your pigmentation and give you healthy, flawless skin.
Today's technological and medical advances have remarkably decreased the risks and side effects. Laser treatment for face does have some possible side effects. Still, laser resurfacing can be a safe treatment and is considered to be the most effective option for treating severe pigmentation.
Your dermatologist will identify the specific factor causing your hyperpigmentation and develop an appropriate plan suitable for treating your pigmented spots.
Laser for pigmentation will require more than one treatment to achieve the desired results. We recommend a minimum of three treatments however this should be discussed with your technician prior to purchase. Pigmentation may return depending on the individual’s lifestyle, environment, hormones and ongoing level of sun protection.