Melasma Pigmentation Treatment

Melasma Pigmentation Treatment

Melasma is a skin pigmentation disorder that mostly affects women, especially if she has dark skin. The symptoms of this disorder are dark spots on the face and some irregular patches and borders that can be commonly seen on the face. There is no physical harm of melasma but some research shows that it can have some psychological problems and can lead to a poor life quality due to change in the appearance of the person suffering from it.

Another common name for melasma is “mask of pregnancy”. The reason behind this name is that the changes in hormones caused by hormonal medicines, and birth control pills lead to the trigger of excessive production of skin pigment in melasma. Another major factor that triggers melasma is exposure to the sun.

However, melasma usually lightens after some time but it can get worse in summer and reduce in winter. Another uncommon name for this disorder is chloasma. This disorder does not cause any harm but can lead to self-consciousness among some people.

Melasma mostly occurs in some parts of the cheeks, skin, nose, upper lips, and even forehead. Sometimes it can also affect your arms, back, and some parts of the neck. Melasma can affect any area of your body that is exposed to the skin. Therefore, the disorder mostly gets worse during the summer months.

People who are fair-skinned are at a lower risk of melasma. However, if a person is dark-skinned and tans well is at a greater risk of melasma. Women are at a greater risk of getting melasma as compared to men. Pregnant women can also suffer from melasma very frequently. Also, if a person takes contraceptives and hormones, he or she is at risk of suffering from melasma.

Before starting the Melasma Pigmentation Treatment in Sirsa, Haryana, it is important to know the common symptoms of this disorder. As already discussed above, melasma causes light brown or blackish patches on the skin. In some cases, these patches can be red in colour or inflamed.

Some common locations at which melasma occurs on the skin are:

  1. Brachial: In this case the symptoms of melasma appear on some parts of your shoulders and some areas of upper arms.
  2. Centrofacial: In this case, the symptoms of melasma appear on some parts of the forehead, nose, cheeks, and even upper lip.
  3. Lateral cheek pattern: In this case, the symptoms of melasma appear on both cheeks.
  4. Malar: In this case, the symptoms of melasma appear on your cheeks and nose.
  5. Mandibular: In this case, the symptoms of melasma appear on the jawline.
  6. Neck: In some cases for people aged above 50 the symptoms can appear on all parts of the neck too.

At present there is no written proof of foods or drinks that can reduce the symptoms of melasma to a great extent. However, it is suggested to increase the intake of foods that promote skin health and are rich in vitamin D.

  • Almond milk.
  • Orange juice.
  • Mushrooms.
  • Meat.
  • Milk.
  • Oily fish.
  • Eggs.
  • Yogurt.

  • Mention the soaps you used recently.
  • He/She may ask if you are pregnant.
  • When did you start noticing the discoloration on your skin?
  • All the areas where you are noticing the discoloration of skin.
  • No history of melasma in the family background.
  • Cosmetics and makeup used recently on the skin.
  • Any other skin disorders suffered in the past.

Our skin has three layers. The outermost layer of skin is the epidermis. The middle layer is called the dermis, and the deepest layer is called the subcutis. The skin is considered an organ of our body, it is the largest organ of the body. The skin makes up around one-seventh of our body weight.

The skin acts as a barricade and protects our muscles, organs, and bones, from germs, infections, moisture, injuries, and toxic materials. It helps us to regulate the temperature of the body, and feel different sensations, temperatures, and different kinds of materials around us. The epidermis layer of the skin contains cells called melanocytes. These cells are responsible for producing dark-coloured pigment of the skin called melanin. When melanocytes are exposed to the sun they produce more melanin which causes our skin to darken.

  • Gentle Cleansing: Washing the face gently with a mild cleanser twice daily can help improve skin health.
  • Dietary Adjustments: Some people find that certain dietary factors, such as reducing dairy intake or consuming a low-glycemic-index diet, can also help improve skin health.
  • Stress Reduction: Managing stress through relaxation techniques, exercise, and sufficient sleep can contribute to better skin health.

There are three types of melasma. The categories are divided based on the depth of the pigment. The process used to determine the depth of the pigment during Melasma Pigmentation Treatment in Sirsa, Haryana is called the wood’s lamp technique. Given below are the three types of melasma.

  1. Epidermal: It is brownish and has a well-defined border. It can be seen clearly under black light and the response towards treatment is well.
  2. Dermal: it is light brown and bluish. It has a blurry border and appears the same under black light. However, it does not respond well to treatment.
  3. Mixed Melasma: It is the most common type of melasma. It is bluish and has brownish patches. It shows a mixed pattern under the black light and shows an average response to the treatment.

If you are going through Melasma Pigmentation Treatment in Sirsa, Haryana make sure to avoid these things:

  • Hormonal treatments that involve estrogen.
  • Birth control pills, especially oral contraceptive pills. Make sure to avoid intake of pills that contain estrogen and progesterone.
  • LED light from screens, laptops, televisions, cell phones, tablets, etc.
  • Avoid using makeup that is irritating to the skin.
  • Medicines that can worsen the condition of melasma.
  • Avoid using scented soaps on the skin.
  • Avoid using skincare that is irritating to the skin.
  • Avoid using tanning beds.
  • Waxing may also aggravate melasma.

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